The Bible Study on the Book of Daniel Chapter 11

Introduction: Now in the first four verses of Daniel chapter eleven we can trace the history of the four Persian rulers and also Alexander the Great of Greece. They give summary details of the Ptolemies of Egypt and the Seleucids of Syria, whom, as you will recall, which represented the two major divisions of Alexander’s world-wide kingdom. It is this kind of historical detail that confounds the skeptic who say, “How could anyone; God included, should have known with such accuracy the events, the people, and interaction of nations four centuries before these events took place? But here we are not concerned with the critics or the skepticism, but rather rejoice in the knowledge that we have a God who knows the future. Now God has ordained its activity, and is now allowing us to unseal mysteries so long that were hidden from view. Here is a quick summary of some of the enormous amount of prophetic information that is contained in Daniel’s vision and all of which has been fulfilled. When Daniel received his fourth revelation, Cyrus was king of Medo-Persia. However, God came to Daniel in a vision and told Daniel that there would be three more Medo- Persian rulers prior to the reign of the successor number four. Then the three kings were Cambyses, Pseudo-Smerdis, and Darius I Hystaspes. The fourth would be Xerxes I, a powerful ruler who later accumulated great armies, with power, and great wealth over a four-year period which he used to invade Greece in the year 480 B.C. Now I believe it was Xerxes’ attack of Greece that moved Alexander the great to attack Medo-Persia which was about one hundred and fifty years later. However, not all would go well for Alexander in spite of his great power and dominance of so much of the world that was known then. But later on the young king died of malaria and syphilis at the age of thirty-two. It was previously that we saw a defeated Greece which was predicted in the form of a leopard in (Daniel 7:6); and as the goat in (Daniel 8:5-6). These events were prophesied and later fulfilled.
I) “The Interpretation of Daniel’s Vision: From the Persian Empire to Alexander’s Death”

Daniel: Chapter 11: (534 B.C.)

1) Read: (Daniel 11:1); Also I in the first year of Darius the Mede, even I, stood to confirm and to strengthen him. KJV
1) Explanation: (Daniel 11:1); in verse one, now we must acknowledge the hand of God in the strengthening of those that are friends to the church, and in confirming them in their good resolutions. Here he uses the ministry of Angels more than we are aware of. And the many instances we have known of God’s care of His church formerly. Also he encourage us to depend upon Him in further straits and difficulties.
1) Comments: (Daniel 11:1); in verse one; now “I stood to confirm and to strengthen him,” this refers to Michael the Archangel helping Gabriel as it regards the conflict in question. Here we see from all this that force has to be used to remove certain satanic rulers (fallen angels) and regarding certain nations, so that another fallen angel can take their place, even as it was with the Grecian Empire by taking over the Medo-Persian Empire. Now when all of this happens; in the spirit world and is unseen with the natural eye. But the effects can be definitely felt. All of this tells us that there is always conflict in Satan’s kingdom, which is here and is made obvious.
2) Read: (Daniel 11:2); And now will I shew thee the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia; and the fourth shall be far richer than they all: and by his strength through his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia. KJV
2) Explanation: (Daniel 11:2); in verse two, here the King foretells of the reign of four Persian Kings. Also there shall stand up three kings in Persia besides Darius, in whose reign this prophecy is dated, in chapter nine. Now to these three Persians he gave these attributes; Cyrus was a father, Cambyses a master, and Darius was a hoarder up. There shall be a fourth, and that is, Xerxes, of whose wealth the Greek authors take notice.
2) Comments: (Daniel 11:2); in verse two; these three Persian kings were Cyrus, Cambyses, and Darius 1. The fourth was Xerxes, who fulfilled this verse according to riches. Actually there were six Persian kings after the four mentioned in this verse; however the conflict against Greece began with Xerxes, who Gabriel said would stir up all against the realm of Grecia.
3) Read: (Daniel 11:3); and a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will. KJV
3) Explanation: Daniel 11:3; in verse three; there are many good reasons for identifying this mighty king as Alexander the Great, as well as identifying the other characters according to their relationship to the events of those times. “But the mere similarity which exists between certain things predicted here and what actually occurred in the times of the Ptolemies of Egypt is not sufficient to limit the fulfillment of the prophecy to those times and certainly we find here. What was characteristic of Alexander, but there is nothing in the context which makes it necessary to limit the passage to him. Some autocrat may arise “in the latter days” to whom it will apply with greater force than it did to Alexander. Now this pertains to Alexander the Great, who gained the throne when he was only 19 years old.
3) Comments: Daniel 11:3; in verse three; we know that our God has consistently provided for His people, but they refused to see what he had done, and they showed no interest in thanking Him. Also the ungratefulness is a common human fault. Now for example, when was the last time you thanked your parents for caring for you? Or when was it that you thanked your Heavenly Father for his love and guidance? How about your pastor for the blessing that you received for the great service that he gives your church? Or maybe, you have forgot to just thank your Lord God for all the good things that He has giving you during your life here on earth. We should remember the many benefits and privileges that we enjoy are the result of His loving actions that he done for you a long time ago. Remember to look for the hidden acts of nurturing, and just thank those who made the world a better place because of their love for God and others. But you should begin by thanking our God (Jehovah), for all of His blessings too.
4) Read: (Daniel 11:4); and when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those. KJV
4) Explanation: (Daniel 11:4); in verse four, also when he stands up, he foretells of Alexander’s conquests and the partition of his kingdom. Now he is that might king that shall stand up against the kings of Persia, for they shall rule with great dominion and with despotic power, for he shall do according to his will. But his kingdom shall soon be broken and divided into four parts. His kingdom was plucked up for others besides those of his own family.
4) Comments: (Daniel 11:4); in verse four; and when he shall stand up, which means when he was at the height of his power and refers to Alexander the Great. Now his kingdom shall be broken, this has to do with his sudden death at 32 years old, and to the breaking up of the Grecian Empire into four divisions, which were taken over by four of his Generals.
And this was not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled, which speaks of his son, who should have gotten the throne, but he did not. It must be remembered that these Prophecies were given by Daniel nearly 200 years before they actually came to pass.
4) Extra-Comments: (Daniel 11:4); in verse four; remember that God’s discipline requires times of leading and times of feeding. Also we should sometimes remember that the rope is taut, and sometimes the rope it is slack too. Our Lord God’s discipline is always loving, and its object is always the well-being of the beloved. Now when you are called to discipline others, such as children, students, employees, or even church members, just don’t be rigid. Remember to vary your approach according to the goals that you are seeking to accomplish. But in each case, just ask yourself, does this person need guidance, or does he or she need to be nurtured?
II) “Wars between the Ptolemie and Seleucids”
5) Read: (Daniel 11:5): And the king of the south shall be strong, and one of his princes; and he shall be strong above him, and have dominion; his dominion shall be a great dominion. KJV
5) Explanation: (Daniel 11:5); in verse five, the “king of the south,” was Ptolemy I Soter, and he rules from 325-285 B. C., and the strong one is Seleucus I Nicator, and he ruled from 312-281, and he was the most powerful of all those ruling in the once united empire of Alexander. Here Daniel’s prophecy is passed over the second Seleucid king, Antiochus I Soter, in 281-261 B. C., even though it does speak of a union of these two royal lines though marriage.
5) Comments: (Daniel 11:5); in verse five; and one of his princes; and he shall be strong above him, and have dominion, this refers to Seleucus which I, called Nicator, the Conqueror. He founded the Seleucid Empire, in (312-280 B.C. To the unspiritual mind, this chapter is without interest; to the skeptical and critical mind, untruthful; for it is contended that these pretended Prophecies were written after the events took place. But students of history know that these Prophecies were written before they began to come to pass, and that their most predictions yet await fulfillment in (verses 35-45). Now further, the heart that is in fellowship with God takes an intense interest in all this history, both past and future, because it concerns God’s dearly-loved People and His pleasant Land.
6) Read: (Daniel 11:6): And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king’s daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement: but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times. KJV
6) Explanation: (Daniel 11:6); in verse six, “For the king’s daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement,” this refers to Ptolemy II, the king of the south, and Antiochus, the king of the north. “The king’s daughter” was Berenice, daughter of Ptolemy. The “agreement” pertains to Syria and Egypt agreeing to terminate their differences; however, the agreement was based on the marriage of Berenice to Antiochus II, king of Syria. It didn’t work out, in as much as she and her son were murdered.
6) Comments: (Daniel 11:6); in verse six; the king of the South, Ptolermy II Philadelphus in (285-246 B.C.), would form an alliance with the Antiochus II King of the North. Antiochus II Theos in (261-246 B.C.), by sealing the agreement by giving his daughter, the Ptolemaic princess Berenice, to marry Antiochus. But Berenice would not retain the power, as Antiochus’s former wife Laodice would murder Antiochus, and then kill Berenice and their child.
7) Read: (Daniel 11:7): But out of a branch of her roots shall one stand up in his estate, which shall come with an army, and shall enter into the fortress of the king of the north, and shall deal against them, and shall prevail: KJV
7) Explanation: (Daniel 11:7); in verse seven, these prophecies seem to have been fulfilled many years later in the Seleucid wars between Egypt and Syria. In 252 B.C. Ptolemy II of Egypt (the South), gave his daughter Berenice in marriage to Antiochus II of Syria (the North), to finalize a peace treaty between their two lands. But Berenice was murdered in Antioch by Antiochus his former wife. Then Laodice Berenice’s brother, Ptolemy III ascended the Egyptian throne and declared war against the Seleucids to avenge his sister’s murder.
7) Comments: (Daniel 11:7); in verse seven; now the brother of Berenice, who had just been murdered, was Ptolemy III, who had just succeeded to the Egyptian throne. The “king of the north” was Seleucus II. It was here that Ptolemy invaded Syria and defeated Seleucus.
8) Read: (Daniel 11:8): And shall also carry captives into Egypt their gods, with their princes, and with their precious vessels of silver and of gold; and he shall continue more years than the king of the north. KJV
8) Explanation: (Daniel 11:8); in verse eight, there was one from Berenice’s family, her brother Ptolemy III, Euergetes in (246-221 B.C.), which would avenge her murder by storming Antioch, deposing Seleucuc II Callinicus in (246-226 B.C.), and killing Laodice Ptotemy III would even seize Seleucid gods and valuables, bring them back to Egypt.
8) Comments: (Daniel 11:8); in verse eight; and shall also carry captives into Egypt their gods, this referred to Ptolemy carrying back to Egypt the gods which Cambyses, the king of Persia, had taken from Egypt nearly 300 years before, along with much booty.
9) Read: (Daniel 11:9): So the king of the south shall come into his kingdom, and shall return into his own land. KJV
9) Explanation: (Daniel 11:9); in verse nine, But in (verse 9) he shall be forced to come into his kingdom and return into his own land, to keep peace there, so that he can no longer carry on the war abroad. But it is very common for a treacherous peace to end in a bloody war.
9) Comments: (Daniel 11:9); in verse nine; even though he won many victories elsewhere, Ptolemy was having problems back in Egypt, his home base. Here we find that he won many victories elsewhere, but he was having problems back in Egypt, his home base.
10) Read: (Daniel 11:10); But his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces: and one shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through: then shall he return, and be stirred up, even to his fortress. KJV
10) Explanation: (Daniel 11:10); in verse ten; the sons of Seleucus II and of Seleucus III Ceraunus (226- 223 B.C.) and Antiochus III (223-187 B.C.) which would wage war as far as the Ptolemaic fortress Raphia in southern Israel.
10) Comments: (Daniel 11:10); in verse ten; but his sons shall be stirred up, this refers to the sons of Seleucus II. They were determined to recover their father’s dominion, which had been taken by Ptolemy III, king of the south, Egypt. Now Antiochus III was the only one who did actually war against Egypt, with his brother Seleucus III poisoned by two of own generals.
11) Read: (Daniel 11:11); and the king of the south shall be moved with choler, and shall come forth and fight with him, even with the king of the north: and he shall set forth a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given into his hand. KJV
11) Explanation: (Daniel 11:11); in verse eleven; here Ptolemy Philopater, who succeeded his father Euergetes as king. Also Ptolemy Philopater, was to come forth and fight with him. And he did come forth to Raphia, where he was met by Antiochus. Now when a terrible battle was fought between these two Kings. And when (Antiochus, the King of the North), shall set forth a great multitude. Also he commanded sixty-two thousand foot soldiers and six thousand horses. Also he had one hundred and two hundred elephants. But yet the multitude was given into his hands. But the hand of the King of the South; for Ptolemy gained a complete victory. Here Raphia, and the other neighbouring towns, declared for the victor; and Antiochus was obliged to retreat with his scattered army to Antioch, from which he sent to solicit a peace from him.
11) Comments: (Daniel 11:11); in verse eleven; “The king of the south” was Ptolemy Philopater, and he defeated Antiochus, “the king of the north,” thereby fulfilling the Prophecy, “but the multitude shall be given into his hand”.
12) Read: (Daniel 11:12); and when he hath taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down many ten thousands: but he shall not be strengthened by it. KJV
12) Explanation: (Daniel 11:12); in verse twelve; his heart shall be lifted up, and had Ptolemy improved his victory, then he might have dispossessed Antiochus of his whole empire. But after giving way to pride, and a criminally sensual life, he made peace on dishonorable terms. Even though he had gained a great victory, yet his kingdom was not strengthened by it, for his subjects were displeased, and rebelled against him, or at least became considerably disaffected.
12) Comments: (Daniel 11:12); in verse twelve; the pronoun “he” refers to “the king of the south,” Ptolemy Philopater. He was greatly lifted up by his victory and oppressed many in his own land, especially the Jews; irrespective, his kingdom suffered a steady decline.
13) Read: (Daniel 11:13); for the king of the north shall return, and shall set forth a multitude greater than the former, and shall certainly come after certain years with a great army and with much riches. KJV
13) Explanation: (Daniel 11:13); in verse thirteen, here the “King of the North” will return (after certain years), Now after fourteen years Antiochus did return but Philopater was dead. And his son Ptolemy Epiphanes but he was only a minor. But this time the King brought a much larger army and more riches. Now these riches the King had collected in a much later eastern expedition.
13) Comments: (Daniel 11:13); in verse thirteen; the “king of the north” is Antiochus III, called “the great.” He ruled from 223-187 B.C. And he “Shall return, and shall set forth a multitude greater than the former,” and this pertains to him returning some fourteen years later to fight the Egyptians, and with a greater army than ever before and he would win. This Syrian King was possibly Antiochus III, the Great. He also defeated many Egyptian cities in (Daniel 11:15); and pillaged the glorious land of Israel in (Daniel 11:16); and he was later defeated by the Romans at Magnesia in (Daniel 11:18).
14) Read: (Daniel 11:14); and in those times there shall many stand up against the king of the south: also the robbers of thy people shall exalt themselves to establish the vision; but they shall fall. KJV
14) Explanation: (Daniel 11:14); in verse fourteen, the king of the north, “Antiochus the Great,” shall return with a greater army than the former; and, at the end of times (that is, years) he shall come with a mighty army, and great riches, against the king of the south, that is, Ptolemaeus Epiphanes, who succeeded Ptolemaeus Philopater his father, when he was a child, which gave advantage to Antiochus the Great. In this expedition he had some powerful allies in (verse 14), There will be many shall stand up against the king of the south. And Philip of Macedon was confederate with Antiochus against the king of Egypt, and Scopas his general, whom he sent into Syria; Antiochus routed him, destroyed a great part of his army; whereupon the Jews willingly yielded to Antiochus, joined with him, helped him to besiege Ptolemaeus’s garrisons. They the robbers of thy people shall exalt themselves to establish the vision, to help forward the accomplishment of this prophecy; but they shall fall, and shall come to nothing, in verse fourteen.
14) Comments: (Daniel 11:14); in verse fourteen; the first phrase refers to Antiochus the Great and Philip of Macedonia uniting in order to conquer Egypt. He won; however, Rome stepped in and forced him to surrender his conquest. Also the robbers of your people shall exalt themselves to establish the vision, this refers to the Jews who thought by helping Antiochus they would bring about the fulfillment of Prophecy and, therefore, the independence of Judah. But the results were that they all perished at the hand of the Egyptians, fulfilling the Prophecy, “but they shall fall”. Now had they read the Prophecy correctly; to begin with, they would not have suffered this defeat.
15) Read: (Daniel 11:15); so the king of the north shall come, and cast up a mount, and take the most fenced cities: and the arms of the south shall not withstand, neither his chosen people, neither shall there be any strength to withstand. KJV
15) Explanation: (Daniel 11:15); in verse fifteen, here upon (verse fifteen) the king of the north, this same Antiochus Magnus, shall carry on his design against the king of the south another way. First he shall surprise his strong-holds; all that he has got in Syria and Samaria, and the arms of the south, all the power of the king of Egypt, shall not be able to withstand him. See how dubious and variable the turns of the scale of war are; like buying and selling, it is winning and losing; sometimes one side gets the better and sometimes the other; yet neither by chance; it is not, as they call it, the fortune of war, but according to the will and counsel of God, who brings some low and raises others up.
15) Comments: (Daniel 11:15); in verse fifteen; now here Egypt would be defeated by the “king of the north”, in Syria. then the king of the North shall come and cast up siege works and take a well-fortified city, and the forces of the South shall not stand, or even his chosen troops, for there shall be no strength to stand (against the Syrian king).
16) Read: (Daniel 11:16); but he that cometh against him shall do according to his own will, and none shall stand before him: and he shall stand in the glorious land, which by his hand shall be consumed. KJV
16) Explanation: (Daniel 11:16); in verse sixteen, he shall make himself master of the land of Judea in (verse sixteen). He that comes against him (that is, the king of the north) shall carry all before him and do what he pleases, and he shall stand and get footing in the glorious land; so the land of Israel was, and by his hand it was wasted and consumed, for with the spoil of that good land he victualled his vast army. The land of Judea lay between these two potent kingdoms of Egypt and Syria, so that in all the struggles between them that was sure to suffer, for to it they both bore ill will. Yet some read this, by his hand it shall be perfected; as if it intimated that the land of Judea, being taken under the protection of this Antiochus, shall flourish, and be in better condition than it had been.
16) Comments: (Daniel 11:16); in verse sixteen; and he shall stand in the glorious land, this refers to Judea, and the Jews attempting to help Antiochus and the Great defeat Ptolemy which he did. Even though Antiochus showed the Jews great favor, still, Israel’s dependence was not on the Lord, but instead on man; consequently, Judea was greatly reduced to poverty through the long wars, thus fulfilling the phrase, “which by his hand shall be consumed”. Or, which shall be perfected in his hand. For Antiochus showed the Jews great favor; and he brought back those that were dispersed, and reestablished them in the land. Also he freed the priests and the Levites from all their tribute.
17) Read: (Daniel 11:17); He shall also set his face to enter with the strength of his whole kingdom, and upright ones with him; thus shall he do: and he shall give him the daughter of women, corrupting her: but she shall not stand on his side, neither be for him. KJV
17) Explanation: (Daniel 11:17); in verse seventeen, He shall still push on his war against the king of Egypt, and set his face to enter with the strength of his whole kingdom, taking advantage of the infancy of Ptolemy Epiphanes, and the upright ones, many of the pious Israelites, siding with him, in verse seventeen.
17) Comments: (Daniel 11:17); in verse seventeen; this verse speaks of Antiochus the Great making a treaty with Ptolemy V, that is, a treaty of peace, fulfilling the phrase, “And upright ones with him”. The conditions were that Antiochus’ daughter Cleopatra, at the aged 11, should marry Ptolemy. The Holy Spirit here describes her as “the daughter of women,” which denoting great beauty. The phrase, “Corrupting her” means that her father, Antiochus the Great, ordered her to be a spy in the Egyptian Court in his interests. But she ultimately sided with her husband, and defeated her father’s plans by inviting the protection of the Romans, thus fulfilling the Prophecy, “but she shall not stand on his side, neither be for him”.
18) Read: (Daniel 11:18); after this shall he turn his face unto the isles, and shall take many: but a prince for his own behalf shall cause the reproach offered by him to cease; without his own reproached he shall cause it to turn upon him. KJV
18) Explanation: (Daniel 11:18); in verse eighteen, in prosecution of his design, he shall give him his daughter Cleopatra to wife, designing, as Saul in giving his daughter Cleopatra to David, that she should be a snare to him, and do him a mischief; but she shall not stand on her father’s side, nor be for him, but for her husband, and so that plot failed him. His war with the Romans is here foretold in (verse 18): He shall turn his face to the isles (verse eighteen), the isles of the Gentiles (Genesis 10:5), Greece and Italy. He took many of the isles about the Hellespont-Rhodes, Samos, Delos, etc., which by war or treaty he made himself master of; but a prince, or state (so some), even the Roman senate, or a leader, even the Roman general, shall return his reproach with which he abused the Romans upon himself, or shall make his shame rest on himself, and without his own shame, or any disgrace to himself, shall pay him again. This was fulfilled when the two Scipios were sent with an army against Antiochus. Hannibal was then with him, and advised him to invade Italy and waste it as he had done; but he did not take his advice; and Scipio joined battle with him, and gave him a total defeat, though Antiochus had 70,000 men and the Romans but 30,000. Thus he caused the reproach offered by him to cease.
18) Comments: (Daniel 11:18); in verse eighteen; Antiochus attached Asia Minor and Greece, but the Roman General, Lucius Scipio, defeated him and restored the prestige of the Roman name, which had suffered “reproach” because the Raman Senate had failed to protect Egypt and Greece. Scipio turned the “reproach” from the Romans onto Antiochus by offering him great conditions of peace.
19) Read: (Daniel 11:19); then he shall turn his face toward the fort of his own land: but he shall stumble and fall, and not be found. KJV
19) Explanation: (Daniel 11:19); in verse nineteen, His fall. When he was totally routed by the Romans, and was forced to abandon to them all he had in Europe, and had a very heavy tribute exacted from him, he turned to his own land, and, not knowing which way to raise money to pay his tribute, he plundered a temple of Jupiter, which so incensed his own subjects against him that they set upon him, and killed him; so he was overthrown, and fell, and was no more found, in verse nineteen.
19) Comments: (Daniel 11:19); in verse nineteen; in trying to raise the money demanded by Rome, he plundered a popular temple; the enraged worshippers then killed him, fulfilling the prophecy, “but he shall stumble and fall, and not be found”. Then he shall turn his face back toward the fortresses of his own land (of Syria), but he shall stumble and fall and not be found.
20) Read: (Daniel 11:20); then shall stand up in his estate a raiser of taxes in the glory of the kingdom: but within few days he shall be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battle. KJV
20) Explanation: (Daniel 11:20); in verse twenty, his next successor, in verse twenty. There rose up one in his place, a raiser of taxes, a sender forth of the extortioner, or extorter. This character was remarkably answered in Seleucus Philopater, the elder son of Antiochus the Great, who was a great oppressor of his own subjects, and exacted abundance of money from them; and, when he was told he would thereby lose his friends, he said he knew no better friend he had then money. He likewise attempted to rob the temple at Jerusalem, which this seems especially to refer to. But within a few days he shall be destroyed, neither in anger nor in battle, but poisoned by Heliodorus, one of his own servants, when he had reigned but twelve years, and done nothing remarkable.
20) Comments: (Daniel 11:20); in verse twenty; here “Raiser of taxes,” this referred to Seleucus IV mainly engaged in raising money to satisfy the Roman tribute. And concerning “the glory of the kingdom,” this speaks of him sending Heliodorus into Judah to plunder the temple,” and also to desecrate the Temple treasury in Jerusalem, and this fulfilling that prophecy.
20) Extra-Comments: (Daniel 11:20); in verse twenty: then shall stand up in his place or office one who shall send an exactor of tribute to pass through the glory of the kingdom, but within a few days he shall be destroyed, yet neither in anger nor in battle. Daniel 11:20. The reference here is undoubtedly to Seleucus Philopator (a king of Syria), the eldest son of Antiochus the Great and his immediate successor (Albert Barnes).
II) “Persecution of Israel by Antiochus Epiphanes”
21) Read: (Daniel 11:21); and in his estate shall stand up a vile person, to whom they shall not give the honour of the kingdom: but he shall come in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by flatteries. KJV
21) Explanation: (Daniel 11:21); in verse twenty-one, he took the kingdom. The states of Syria did not give it to him (verse twenty-one), because they knew it belonged to his elder brother’s son, nor did he get it by the sword, but came in peaceably, pretending to reign for his brother’s son, Demetrius, then a hostage at Rome. But with the help of Eumenes and Attalus, neighboring princes, he gained an interest in the people, and by flatteries obtained the kingdom, established himself in it, and crushed Heliodorus, who made head against him with the arms of a flood; those that opposed him were overflown and broken before him, even the prince of the covenant, his nephew, the rightful heir, whom he pretended to covenant with that he would resign to him whenever he should return.
21) Comments: (Daniel 11:21); in verse twenty-one; now “in his estate, this refers to the kingdom of Syria, that including the ancient Assyria, and even the modern Armenia. The “vile person” refers to Antiochus IV; called Epiphanes, the Illustrious, in verses 21 through 34 refers to him. Here Antiochus Epiphanes, in his character; and actions, and cruelties illustrates the closing predictions of this chapter, but does not fulfill them. Despite the claims of some, Antiochus Epiphanes was not the Antichrist.
21) Extra-Comments; (Daniel 11:21; in verse twenty-one; this contemptible conqueror is generally identified as Antiochus Epiphanes, the younger son of Antiochus the Great, king of Syria, and is a type of the final antichrist referred to in (Daniel 11:36); (II Thess. 2:3-12); (I John 4:3); (II John 7); and (Revelation 13:5-8). “He (Antiochus Epiphanes) stirred up the Jews by robbing the temple and setting up a statue of Jupiter in the Holy of Holies. He also pulled down the walls of Jerusalem, commanded the sacrifice of (forbidden) swine, forbade circumcision, and destroyed all the sacred books that could be found.”
22) Read: (Daniel 11:22); and with the arms of a flood shall, they be overflown from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant. KJV
22) Explanation: (Daniel 11:22); in verse twenty-two, now despite Ptolemy VI, Philometor, (181-146 B.C.) attacking with a flood of arms, Antiochus IV would be able to defeat them and depose of the prince of the covenant, the Jewish high priest Onias III.
22) Comments: (Daniel 11:22); in verse twenty-two; the pronoun “they” refers to his opponents, who were overthrown in their attempt to take the throne. Also “the prince of the covenant,” which concerns the High Priest of Israel, who was deposed, with Antiochus installing Jason in his place and Judah was a small part of his kingdom.
23) Read: (Daniel 11:23); and after the league made with him he shall work deceitfully: for he shall come up, and shall become strong with a small people. KJV
23) Explanation: (Daniel 11:23); in verse twenty-three, here he shall come up, from Rome, where he had been a hostage for the payment of the tax laid on his father. But here he shall become strong with a small people. At first he had few to espouse his cause when he arrived at Antioch, the people having been greatly divided by the many claimants of the crown; but being supported by Eumenes and Attalus, his few people increased, and he became strong.
23) Comments: (Daniel 11:23); in verse twenty-three; “He shall work deceitfully,” this refers to the fact that the league was broken with Jason, when he put wicked Menelaus in the office of High Priest. Now it was reported that Menelaus offered him more money than Jason had.
24) Read: (Daniel 11:24); He shall enter peaceably even upon the fattest places of the province; and he shall do that which his fathers have not done, nor his fathers’ fathers; he shall scatter among them the prey, and spoil, and riches: yea, and he shall forecast his devices against the strong holds, even for a time. KJV
24) Explanation: (Daniel 11:24); in verse twenty-four, without warning and stealthily he shall come into the most productive places of a province or among the richest men of a province (of Egypt), and he shall do that which his fathers have not done nor his fathers’ fathers; he shall distribute among them plunder, spoil, and goods. He shall devise plans against strongholds and it will only be for a time (the period decreed by God).
24) Comments: (Daniel 11:24); in verse twenty-four; he shall enter peaceably and even upon the fattest places. The very two richest provinces are Coelesyria and Palestine. Also he shall do that which his fathers have not done, nor his father’s fathers. Here he became profuse in his liberalities, and scattered among them the prey of his enemies, and the spoil of temples, and the riches of his friends, as well as his own revenues. He has spent much in public shows, and bestowed largesses among the people. Now we are told that “in the liberal giving of gifts he abounded above all the kings that went before him.” These are nearly the words of the prophet; and perhaps without any design to copy them on the part of the apocryphal writer. He would sometimes go into the streets, and throw about a handful of money, then he would start crying out, “let him take it, to whom fortune sends it.” Now here he shall forecast his devices, as Eulaeus and Lenaeus, who were the guardians of the young Egyptian king Ptolemy Philometer, and demanded from Antiochus the restitution of Coelesyria and Palestine, which he refused. But he foresaw that he might have a war with that kingdom; and therefore he forecast devices to fix a variety of plans to prevent this from happened. Then he would visit the strong holds and frontier places to see that they were in a state of defense. And this he did for a time, so he might employed some years in hostile preparations against Egypt.
25) Read: (Daniel 11:25); And he shall stir up his power and his courage against the king of the south with a great army; and the king of the south shall be stirred up to battle with a very great and mighty army; but he shall not stand: for they shall forecast devices against him. KJV
25) Explanation: (Daniel 11:25); in verse twenty-five, and, “he shall stir up his power and his courage against the king of the South,” this refers to his making war on Egypt and being victorious. Then he had himself crowned king of Egypt.
25) Comments: (Daniel 11:25); in verse twenty-five; and he shall stir up his power and his courage against the king of the South (Egypt) with a great army; and the king of the South shall wage war with an exceedingly great and mighty army, but he shall not stand, for schemes shall be devised against (the king of the South). Here the two armies met between Pelusium and Mount Casius; but he (the king of the South), could not stand and the Egyptian army was defeated. The next campaign he had a much greater success. The next time he routed the Egyptian army, and took Memphis, and made himself master of all Egypt, except for Alexandria. And all these advantages that he gained by forecasting devices; probably by corrupting his ministers and captains. It was here that Ptolemy Macron gave up Cyprus to Antiochus.
And the Alexandrians were led to renounce their allegiance to Potlemy Philometer, and took Euergets, or Physcon his younger brother, and made him king in his stead. Now all this was doubtless by the corruptions of Antiochus.
26) Read: (Daniel 11:26); yea, they that feed of the portion of his meat shall destroy him, and his army shall overflow: and many shall fall down slain. KJV
26) Explanation: (Daniel 11:26); in verse twenty-six, now the amazing detail of these prophecies are actually staggers the imagination. Only God could forecast, and in such detail, and the actual events, which would take place concerning these great nations, kings, and mighty armies, with every detail coming to pass just as it was predicted.
26) Comments: (Daniel 11:26); in verse twenty-six; those who eat of his rich and dainty food shall break and destroy him, and his army shall drift or turn away to flee, and many shall fall down slain. But they that feed of the portion of his meat; this is proof of what has been last noted. Also the intrigues of Antiochus, corrupting the ministers and officers of Ptolemy, were the cause of all the disasters that fell on the Egyptian king. They that fed of the portion of his meat and those who were in his confidence and pay, and possessed the secrets of the state, betrayed him; and these were the means of destroying him and his army, so that he was defeated, as was before observed.
27) Read: (Daniel 11:27); and both of these kings’ hearts shall be to do mischief, and they shall speak lies at one table; but it shall not prosper: for yet the end shall be at the time appointed. KJV
27) Explanation: (Daniel 11:27); in verse twenty-seven, now the two kings that are spoken of here are Antiochus Epiphanes of Syria and Ptolemy Philometor of Egypt. But for the end shall be at the time appointed,” this means that it was not God’s Will that Antiochus Epiphanes would not take Egypt at this time. But this would come later, and at least after a fashion. Also neither succeeded in his object; for the end of the appointed time was not yet come.
27) Comments: (Daniel 11:27); in verse twenty-seven; and as for both of these kings, their hearts and minds shall be set on doing mischief; they shall speak lies over the same table, but it will not succeed, for the end is yet to be at the time appointed. Here both these king’s hearts shall be to do mischief. And that is, Antiochus, and Ptolemy Philometer, who was a nephew to the former, and whose interest he now pretended to have much at heart, since the Alexandrians had renounced their allegiance to him. Also he set his younger brother Euergetes upon the throne. When Antiochus came to Memphis, he and Philometer had frequent confernces at the same table; and at these times they spoke lies to each other. But Antiochus professing his great friendship to his nephew and concern for his interests, yet in his heart designing to ruin the kingdom by fomenting the discords which already subsisted between the two brothers. Now on the other hand, Philoneter professed much gratitude to his uncle for the interest he took in his affairs, and laid the blame of the war upon his minister Eulaeus; while at the same time he spoke lies, by determining as soon as possible to accommodate matters with his brother, and join all their strength against their deceitful uncle.
28) Read: (Daniel 11:28); Then shall he return into his land with great riches; and his heart shall be against the holy covenant; and he shall do exploits, and return to his own land. KJV
28) Explanation: (Daniel 11:28); in verse twenty-eight, and “his heart shall be against the Holy Covenant,” this pertains to him turning against the Jews, because he heard that there had been rejoicing in Jerusalem, because they thought he had been killed. This angered him greatly and he made the decision to break his Covenant with Judah.
28) Comments: (Daniel 11:28); in verse twenty-eight; then shall (the vile conqueror from the (North) return into his land with much booty; and his heart and purpose shall be set against (God’s) Holy Covenant (with His people), and he shall accomplish (his malicious intention) and return to his own land Syria. Here his heart shall be against the Holy Covenant. Now he was determined to take a severe revenge, and he had an ostensible pretext for it. But for Jason, who had been deprived of the high priesthood, and hearing the report of the death of Antiochus, raised forces and marched against Jerusalem, and he took it, and obliged Menelaus, the high priest, to shut himself up in the castle. Then Antiochus brought a great army against Jerusalem; and took it by storm; and he slew forty thousand of the inhabitants and he sold as many more for slaves. Also he boiled swine’s flesh, and sprinkled the temple and the altar with the both. Then he broke into the holy of hollies; and took away the golden vessels and all the other sacred treasures, to the value of one thousand eight and hundred talents. Then he restored Menelaus to his office, and made one Phillip, a Phrygian, the governor of Judea.
29) Read: (Daniel 11:29); at the time appointed he shall return, and come toward the south; but it shall not be as the former, or as the latter. KJV
29) Explanation: (Daniel 11:29); in verse twenty-nine, now the phrase, “at the time appointed he shall return,” this has to do with the latter portion of verse twenty-seven, which now has come of time. Here he will take a second expedition into Egypt, but he will not be as successful as before.
29) Comments: (Daniel 11:29); in verse twenty-nine, at the time appointed (God’s own time) he shall return and come into the South, but it shall not be successful as were the former invasions (of Egypt). Here when the time appointed, he shall return. After finding that his treachery was detected, and his two brothers had united their counsel and strength for their mutual support, he threw of his mask; and having collected a great army early in the spring. Then he passed through Calesyria; entered Egypt; and the inhabitants of Memphis having submitted to him, he came by easy marches to Alexandria. But, says the prophet, “it shall not be as the former or as the latter.” Because he had not the same success as the former, when he overthrew the Egyptian army at Pelusium; nor did he have in the latter, when he took Memphis, and subdued all Egypt’ except Alexandria.
30) Read: (Daniel 11:30); for the ships of Chittim shall come against him: therefore he shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant: so shall he do; he shall even return, and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant. KJV
30) Explanation: (Daniel 11:30); in verse thirty, and here the ships of Chittim shall come against him,” now this refers to the coming of the Romans demanding his discontinuance of his war on Egypt. Now this specifies the reason for the grief, as he was within seven miles of Alexandria, the great city of Egypt. He then turned against Jerusalem, killing some 40,000 Jews and selling many as slaves. “And have intelligence with them who forsake the Holy Covenant,” this refers to the apostate Jews who helped him pollute the Temple and place within it “the abomination of Desolation,” which was a sow on the Temple Altar, as well as doing away with the Temple Sacrifices.
30) Comments: (Daniel 11:30); in verse thirty; for the ships of Chittim, (or Cyprus, in Roman hands) shall come against him; therefore he shall be grieved and discouraged and turn back (to Palestine), and carry out his rage and indignation against the holy covenant and God’s people, and he shall do his own pleasure; he shall even turn back and make common cause with those (Jews), who abandon the holy covenant (with God). Then from Egypt he returned with great riches, and therefore took the first occasion to invade Egypt again, this was two years after. But this attempt shall not succeed, for the ships of Chittim shall come against him. Also the navy of the Romans, or ambassadors from the Roman senate, who came in ships. Here is the hope and joy of the people of God is the envy of their neighbors, and that is the Holy Covenant. Now we know that Esau hated Jacob because he had gotten the blessing from his father. Those that are strangers to the covenant are often enemies to it.
31) Read: (Daniel 11:31); And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate. KJV
31) Explanation: (Daniel 11:31); in verse thirty-one, “And the arms shall stand on his part,” this refers to him having military power to take the city of Jerusalem and to carry out his will. Also he shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that makes desolate.” Here this refers to the offering up of a sow, as mentioned, on the Altar, and this was greatly polluting it, as it would be obvious to them.
31) Comments: (Daniel 11:31); in verse thirty-one; and armed forces of his shall appear (in the holy land) and they shall pollute the sanctuary, the (spiritual) stronghold, and shall take away the continual (daily burnt offering); and they shall set up (in the sanctuary) the abomination that astonishes and makes desolate (probably an altar to a pagan god). Here “And the arms shall stand on his part,” meaning that after Antiochus, the arms, that is the Romans, shall stand up; for the arms in this prophecy everywhere denotes military power; and standing up, is the power in activity and conquering. Both Sir Isaac Newton and BP. Newton agree, that what follows is spoken of the Romans. Also Daniel has described the actions of the kings of the North and the South, which are the kings of Syria and Egypt. But upon the conquest of Macedon by the Romans, for he has left off describing the actions of the Greeks, and begun to describe those of the Romans in Greece, who conquered Macedon, Illyricum, and Epirus, in the year of the era of Nabonassar, 580. It was thirty-five years after, by the will of Attalus; that they inherited all Asia westward of Mount Taurus; and sixty-five years after they conquered the kingdom of Syria, and reduced it into a province; and thirty-four years after they did the same to Egypt. It was by all these steps that the Roman arms stood up over the Greeks; and after ninety-five years more, by making war upon the Jews, that they polluted the sanctuary of strength, and the temple, and took away the daily sacrifice and placed the abomination that makes desolate, or of the desolator. And this abomination was thus placed after the time of Jesus Christ, which appears in the book of (Matthew 24:15).
31) Extra-Comments: (Daniel 11:31); in verse thirty-one; now in the sixteenth year of the Emperor Adrian, A.D. 132, they placed this abomination by building a temple to Jupiter Capitolinus, where the temple of God in Jerusalem stood; upon which the Jews, under Barehocab, rose up against the Romans. But in this war they had fifty cities demolished, nine hundred and fifty of their best towns destroyed, and eighty thousand men were slain by the sword. Also at the end of the war, A.D. 136, they banished Judea on pain and death; and the land became desolate.
32) Read: (Daniel 11:32); and such as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries: but the people that do know their God shall be strong, and do exploits. KJV
32) Explanation: (Daniel 11:32); in verse thirty-two, and we should know that such as do wickedly against the Covenant shall be corrupted by flatteries.” Here this refers to his old method of deceit, and some Jews being led into apostasy. Also by helping him and because he flattered them is wrong. But the latter phrase refers to the Jews under the Maccabees.
32) Comments: (Daniel 11:32); in verse thirty-two; and such as violate the covenant he shall pervert and seduce with flatteries, but the people who know their God shall prove themselves strong and shall stand firm and do exploits (for God). Now this is understood of the Christian Jews; for the new had now succeeded to the old, the whole of the Jewish ritual having been abolished, and Jerusalem filled with heathen temples. And the he with Roman power, did all he could by flatteries, as well as threats, to corrupt the Christians, and cause them to sacrifice to the statues of the emperors. But the people that do know their God (Jehovah), are the genuine and true Christians. For they shall be strong and shall be strengthened by God’s grace and His Spirit. And we know that a true believer in our Lord God will continue steadfast in all temptations will hold fast to their faith, and enjoy a good conscience.
33) Read: (Daniel 11:33); and they that understand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, many days. KJV
33) Explanation: (Daniel 11:33); in verse thirty-three, now this proclaims the constant struggle by God’s People from Daniel’s day forward to the birth of Jesus Christ. Also we have attempted to outline, especially the activity of the Maccabees, and their situation, at times, it was perilous. “And those who did understand among the people shall instruct many.” Here this refers to a terrible spiritual drought from Malachi’s time to John the Baptist, when Israel, for some 400 years, would not hear the voice of a Prophet. However, there would be some, although not of prophetical status, and they would labor faithfully, attempting to get the people to obey the Law of Moses.
33) Comments: (Daniel 11:33); in verse thirty-three; and they who are wise and understanding among the people shall instruct many and make them understand, though some (of them and their followers) shall fall by the sword and flame, by captivity and plunder, for many days. Here the apostles and the primitive Christians in general, who understood from the prophets, and his own actions, that Jesus Christ was the true “Messiah?” Also the words “instruct many” means to preach or tell the Gospel everywhere, and as believers in Jesus Christ our Lord and Savior, we are to convert multitudes to the faith in Christ.
34) Read: (Daniel 11:34); now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with a little help: but many shall cleave to them with flatteries. KJV
34) Explanation: (Daniel 11:34); in verse thirty-four, the phrase, “now when they shall fall,” this refers to many Jews falling by the sword in the many conflicts that took place. And the next phrase, tells us that many shall cleave to them with flatteries,” which refers to an inducement to apostatize regarding the Jews who faithfully followed the Lord God. We as Christians, should remember that Satan has two weapons against faithfulness to Truth. Now we should just know that the first one is violence, and the second one is flattery.
34) Comments: (Daniel 11:34); in verse thirty-four; with flatteries,” this refers to an inducement to apostatize and regarding the Jews who faithfully followed the Lord. Now Satan has two weapons against faithfulness to truth; one is violence, the other is flattery. Now when they shall fall,” can also mean that when the storm of the tenth persecution under Diocletian, which lasted ten years, fell upon them, and they were sorely oppressed.
Now they shall be holpen with a little help: this was by Constantine; who for a while he removed all persecution, and promoted the temporal prosperity of the Christians Church, yet added little to its spiritual perfection and strength. For a little while many were seeing the Christians in prosperity. Also those that stand by the cause of religion when it is threatened and struck at, though they may not immediately be delivered and made victorious, shall yet have present help. And a little help must not be despised but, when times are very bad, we must be thankful for some reviving.
III) “Wars between Syria and Egypt in the Last Days”
35) Read: (Daniel 11:35); And some of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end: because it is yet for a time appointed. KJV
35) Explanation: (Daniel 11:35); in verse thirty-five, now here with this verse begins the account of the End time, which will continue through the twelfth chapter. Therefore, the entirety of the time, now totaling nearly 2,000 years, is omitted in Scripture, which includes the entirety of the Church Age, because Gabriel told Daniel that “These Prophecies only pertain to your people, and more particularly, in the latter days” in (Daniel 10:14).
35) Comments: (Daniel 11:35); in verse thirty-five, now some of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end. But clearly the trouble and wickedness of Aniochus’ reign was not the end. And that is yet to come. Here some of them of understanding and there were disputes on certain points of religion soon agitated the Christian Church. But now having no outward persecution, they began to persecute each other. Also there were many excellent men, of understanding that fell victims because they would not embrace erroneous doctrines, when professed by the state. But this was permitted; to try them, and to purge, and to make them white. And this was to bring all to the pure profession, and possession, and practice of Christianity. The phrase here; “To the time of the end,” refers to the time that God shall cause pure and undefiled religion everywhere to prevail. But the question here, is when is the time appointed for this to happen? We should remember that only our God (Jehovah), knows the answer to this question.
36) Read: (Daniel 11:36); and the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done. KJV
36) Explanation: (Daniel 11:36); in verse thirty-six, here many ancient and modern interpreters have concluded that at this point a new person, which is the Antichrist, is introduced. Now this king is distinguished from the king of the North in verse forty; therefore, he cannot be Antiochus Epiphanes. But it appears that there is a gap of many years between verses thirty-five and thirty-six, and this refers back to “the time of the end” which will come at the “time appointed” in verse thirty-five.
36) Comments: (Daniel 11:36); in verse thirty-six; “And the King shall do according to his will,” this refers to the Antichrist, who ‘will pretty much have his way until the Second Advent of Christ. “And magnify himself above every god, “actually refers to him deifying himself in (II Thessalonians 2:4). Now at this time, and according to (Daniel 9:27), he will take over the newly built Temple in Jerusalem, and do away with the Jewish Sacrifices which have not long since begun, and will set up an image of himself (Revelation 13:15). “And shall speak marvelous things against the God of gods,” this means that he will literally declare war on Christ. His campaign of declaring himself “god” will, of necessity, demand that he blaspheme the True God as no one has ever blasphemed. “And shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished,” means that much of the world will accept his claims; joining with him in their hatred of the God of the Bible. Please read the two verses listed below; because the antichrist is in view from this point in the prophecy to the end of the chapter. The details listed here do not fit what is known of Antiochus Epiphanes. Read these two scriptures here, (II Thessalonians 2:4); and (Revelation 13:5-8).
37) Read: (Daniel 11:37); Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all. KJV
37) Explanation: (Daniel 11:37); in verse thirty-seven, “Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers,” no doubt this refers to him being a Jew. He will not regard the God of “Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.” “Nor the desire of women,” probably refers to him turning against the Catholic Church and, thereby, the Virgin Mary. “Nor regard any god; for he shall magnify himself above all,” this refers to all the religions of the world, all of which will be outlawed, at least where he has control, thus demanding that worship be centered up on him.
37) Comments: (Daniel 11:37); in verse thirty-seven; he shall not regard the gods of his fathers or Him (to whom) women desire (to give birth to the Messiah) or any other god, for he shall magnify himself above all. And neither shall he regard the God of his fathers. Also that God who sent the evangelists and the apostles to preach the pure doctrine. These true fathers of the Christian Church, and their God, this Church has not regarded, but put councils and traditions, and apocryphal writings in their place. The phrase, “nor the desire of women,” and the Greek and Latin Church, in their antichristian enactments, have discouraged, and in several cases proscribed marriage, under the pretense of greater chastity, to the discredit of God’s ordinance, and Christianity itself. Now the phrase, “nor regard any God,” for this mandates and decrees of that Church have been often in defiance of God and His Word. For it has magnified itself above all power and authority in heaven and on earth. Here it professes to hold the keys, and to open and shut heaven at pleasure, both to states and individuals.
38) Read: (Daniel 11:38); but in his estate shall he honour the God of forces: and a god whom his Fathers knew not shall he honour with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things. KJV
38) Explanation: (Daniel 11:38); in verse thirty-eight, here in his estate shall he honor the God of forces: and a god whom his Fathers knew not shall he honor with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things. Also in verse thirty-eight, there is a god whom his fathers did not know. This is probably a reference to self-worshiping in verse thirty-seven of (II Thessalonians 2:4).
38) Comments: (Daniel 11:38); in verse thirty-eight; “And a God whom his Fathers knew not shall he honor” this refers to a “strange god” mentioned in the next verse, who is actually the Fallen Angel who empowered Alexander the Great. He is called “the Prince of Grecia,” which does not refer to a mortal, but instead he is a Fallen Angel in (Daniel 10:20). This “God,” his fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob did not know.
39) Read: (Daniel 11:39); Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain. KJV
39) Explanation: (Daniel 11:39); in verse thirty-nine, “Thus shall he do in the most, strong holds,” this refers to the great financial centers of the world; which will be characterized by rebuilt Babylon. This “strange god,” as stated, is a Fallen Angel therefore, he will probably think he is giving praise and glory to himself, when reality in he is actually honoring this Fallen Angel. “And he shall cause them to rule over many”, this refers to the many nations he will conquer because of the great power given to him by this Fallen Angel, which was instigated by Satan.
39) Comments: (Daniel 11:39); in verse thirty-nine; and he shall deal with the strongest fortresses by the help of a foreign god. Those who acknowledge him he shall magnify with glory and honor, and he shall cause them to rule over many and shall divide the land for a price. Now in the most strong holds with a strange god; here Bishop Newton proposed the following translation, after justly finding fault with our common version: “thus shall he do to the defenders of Mauzzim, together with the strange god whom he shall acknowledge; he shall multiply honor, and he shall cause him to rule over many; and the earth he shall divide for a reward.” The defenders of Mauzzim, these saints and angel gods protectors, were the monks, priests, and bishops; of whom it may be truly said, “they were increased with honor, ruled over many, and divided the land for gain.” They have been honored and reverenced almost to adoration; and their jurisdiction was extended over the purses and consciences of men. Also they have been enriched with the noblest buildings and largest endowments, and the choicest lands have been appropriated for Church lands. But these are points of such public notoriety, that they require no proof.
IV) “The King of the North (Syria) Antichrist Victorious over King of the South (Egypt); The Eighth Empire, Revived Greece, Formed in Middle of Daniel’s Seventieth Week”
40) Read: (Daniel 11:40); And at the time of the end shall the king of the south (Egypt) push at him: and the king of the north (the Antichrist Syria) shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over. KJV
40) Explanation: (Daniel 11:40); in verse forty; the phrase, “And at the time of the end,” this refers to the time of the fulfillment of these Prophecies, which in fact is just ahead. It is known that “the fling of the south” this refers to Egypt, because that’s who is referred to at the beginning of this chapter. Which spoke of the breakup of the Grecian Empire. Now here “the king of the North” proves that the Antichrist will come from the Syrian division of the breakup of the Grecian Empire. So this is why I believe the Antichrist will more than likely be a Syrian Jew.
40) Comments: (Daniel 11:40); in verse forty the phrase, and at the time of the end the king of the South shall push at and attack him, and the king of the North shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots and horsemen and with many ships; this will be with a great force. And he shall enter into the countries and shall overflow and pass through. Now from here and the last days becomes the center of attention from this point through the rest of the book of Daniel.
41) Read: (Daniel 11:41); He shall enter also into the glorious land, (into Israel), and many countries shall be overthrown, (those in the Middle East); but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon. KJV
41) Explanation: (Daniel 11:41); in verse forty-one, he shall enter also into the glorious land, (into Israel), and many countries shall be overthrown, which is those in the Middle East; here Edam, Moab, and Ammon comprise modern Jordan. His entering into the “glorious land” refers to his invasion of Israel at the midpoint of his seven-year nonaggression pact with them, therefore, breaking his Covenant in (Daniel 9:27).
The countries listed comprise modern Jordan, where ancient Petra is located, to which Israel will flee upon the Antichrist entering into the Glorious Land” (Revelation 12:6).
41) Comments: (Daniel 11:41); in verse forty-one; he shall enter into the Glorious Land (Palestine) and many shall be overthrown, but these shall be delivered out of his hand: Edom, Moab, and the main (core) of the people of Ammon.
42) Read: (Daniel 11:42); He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape. KJV
42) Explanation: (Daniel 11:42); in verse forty-two, He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape. Here the land “Egypt” is refers to “the King of the South” of verse forty, which was stated before in verse forty.
42) Comments: (Daniel 11:42); in verse forty-two; he shall stretch out his hand also against the (other) countries, but the land of Egypt shall not be among the escaped ones. Here the Ottoman emperors, have stretched forth the hand, not only on European, but also upon Asiatic and African countries. Also Egypt has not escaped; for it is a province of the Turkish government, as are also Fez, Morocco, Algiers, and many other African countries. And as the prophecy says they “got power over the silver and gold, and the precious things of Egypt,” so it was; for when Selim conquered Egypt, A.D. 1517, and he took all of its spoils. And the immense sums drawn from it to this present day, and the wretchedness of the land in consequence, are almost incredible.
43) Read: (Daniel 11:43); but he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps. KJV
43) Explanation: (Daniel 11:43); in verse forty-three, here the “precious things of Egypt”, there is no doubt that this refers to the ancient mysteries of Egypt, regarding the tombs, and the pyramids. He will no doubt claim to unlock many of these mysteries; and he very well could do so, which regards to the supernatural power given to him by the powers of darkness.
43) Comments: (Daniel 11:43); in verse forty-three; but he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver and over all the precious things of Egypt, and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall accompany him nine compelled to follow his steps. Now when the Antichrist moves into the land of Israel and sets up his image in the Jewish temple and declares himself the ruler and god of the whole world, not everybody will bow down to his will. Now the kings of the north and the south will oppose him and bring their armies to Palestine. Also in previous prophecies in Daniel, the king of the south has been Egypt and the king of the north has been Syria, but those designations may not apply to the nations in the end times. But some bible scholars equate this invasion with the battle which is described in the book of Ezekiel, chapters 38 and 39, and they see in it a southern confederacy headed up by Russia and a southern confederacy headed by Egypt and its allies. Here the Antichrist will overcome his enemies and acquire a great wealth as a result of this war.
IV “Adversaries to the North and East”
44) Read: (Daniel 11:44); But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many. KJV
44) Explanation: (Daniel 11:44); in verse forty-four, now after the Antichrist breaks his covenant with Israel, he actually “enters into the Glorious Land”, then he will be prevented from further destroying her by the “tidings of the east and out of the north” that shall trouble him. There is no doubt, that these will be the actions that will probably be led by Russia (North), Japan, and China from the (East), thus, forming a union against him, but which will have no success.
44) Comments: (Daniel 11:44); verse forty-four; also during the Great Tribulation, the Antichrist will be attacking from both the North and the South. Here he will be successful, sweeping through like a flood. The Antichrist will also be invading Israel, the glorious land. He will be ignoring some nations that are in his alliance with him, but conquering others, including Egypt, Libya, and Ethiopia. There will be reports of nations from the East and North which comes to attack and this will both terrify and infuriate him. This will lead him to pursue a course of genocidal warfare against his enemies, especially many of the Jewish people in the book of (Zechariah 13:8-9).
VI) “King of the North (Syria) the Antichrist Sets His Throne in the Temple in Jerusalem”
45) Read: (Daniel 11:45); and he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him. KJV
45) Explanation: (Daniel 11:45); in verse forty-five, “And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace”, this refers to his taking over the newly built Temple and stopping the Sacrifices, as it was prophesied in (Daniel 8:9-12). The phrase, “Between the seas in the Glorious Holy Mountain,” this refers to the Dead Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. Now the “Glorious Holy Mountain” is Mount Moriah, where the Temple is located. But yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him,” and this is tied to the first part of this verse, which speaks of him desecrating the Temple. This will ensures his destruction by the Lord God, which will take place at the Second Coming.
45) Comments: (Daniel 11:45); in verse forty-five; here the Antichrist will establish his military capital in Israel, by pitching his tents between the Mediterranean Sea and the city of Jerusalem, on Mount Zion. Also the nations of the earth will gather here (Zechariah 14:2); at mount Megiddo to begin the campaign of Armageddon (Revelation 16:13-16). This will be the time, when the nation of Israel calls on the Messiah Jesus. And this will be the time that our Lord Jesus, according to (Matthew 23:37-39); will come back to deliver them. Also that old terrible Antichrist will be destroyed.
46) Note: Remember, there is always hope if you have called upon the one and only name of Jesus Christ and confess your sins to Him. After this you must ask Jesus to save you, because He died upon that old rugged Cross and paid for our sins by the shedding of His precious blood. Then Jesus was buried in a tomb and He rose on the third day in victory over that grave and death. Because of this victory over the grave and death, we as sinners can call upon the name of Jesus and He will forgive us of all our sins and save us for His own. Then we that are born again, in our Lord Jesus Christ, have a home in Heaven for all eternity. Remember our Hope is always been in the return of our Lord Jesus Christ. Now in the book of Revelation, the Apostle John tells us that He will return with a large army from the East and attack the evil forces of the Antichrist in the valley of Megiddo, and this will occurs at the end of the tribulation period. We should remember that the signs of the returning Son of Man will appear in the Heavens in (Matthew 24:29-30). Here all the opposing armies will unite to fight our Lord Jesus Christ. But the Lord Jesus will descend from Heaven with His armies, and He will defeat both armies, and take captive of that old Satan, the Antichrist, and the false prophet and cast them into the lake of fire in the book of (Revelation 19:11-21). Also we should read the scriptures in the book of (Zechariah 12:1-9); (Zechariah 14:1-3). Here the Antichrist shall come to his end, and there will be no one to help him. (Daniel 11:45).
A) Now this concludes our Bible Study on the eleventh chapter of the Book of Daniel. Next week we will continue our lesson studies in the chapter twelve of the Book of Daniel. Please be much in prayer for me as I try to teach this great book of the Bible.
B) Remember; if you are not saved our God has the power to save anyone that calls upon the name of Jesus Christ and repents of their sins. Now all that are lost need God’s power because we have a problem with sin. The Bible tells us that “For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,” (Romans 3:23).
C) Now you can find the way to Heaven in the book of (Romans 10:9). This scripture in the bible tells us that “If you confess with your mouth, that “Jesus is Lord,” and that you believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.”
D) We all need to confess our sins and ask God for his forgiveness. When you confess Jesus Christ as your Lord, then this involves an agreeing with God about your sin and your need for Salvation. You must repent of your own personal sins, by doing this you are willing to turn away from the direction in life in which you are going.
E) Now to “believe in your heart” is to place your faith in Jesus Christ your Lord and Savior, also you are trusting that Jesus died on the Cross to pay for your sins. But our God proves His own love for us in that while we were sill sinners, Jesus Christ died for all of us. (Romans 5:8).
H) Before we close chapter 11 of the book of Daniel, I would just like to say, I believe that all the scriptures are very important to all of God’s people and every Christian should know and keep them in his heart. I believe that our Lord Jesus said these scriptures in the book of (Matthew 22:37-39). Then one of Pharisees ask Jesus a question and he called Him Master. Which is the great commandment in the Law? Then Jesus said unto him, “Thou shalt love the Lord, thy God, with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.” (Matthew 22:37); Now in verse 38, Jesus said, “This is the first and great commandment.” (Matthew 22:38); Here in verse 39, our Lord Jesus said, and the second is like it,
G) “Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.” (Matthew 22:39); Also our Lord Jesus said, this in verse 40, “On these two commandment’s hang all the law and the prophets.” (Matthew 22:40); Remember we that are believers in our Lord Jesus Christ, and know Jesus as our own personal Savior. Also we should give Him praise and thank Him every day of our life. Why? Because Jesus shed His precious blood on that old rugged Cross so that we all could be free and have eternal life with Him in Heaven. But while we are waiting we must be telling everyone about God’s Salvation Plan. And that plan is called the “Gospel” or the “Good News,” this is the job of every born again believer that calls Jesus Christ their Lord and Savior.
I) Now in the book of Matthew, in chapter 28, these scriptures tells us that the disciples went away into Galilee, into a mountain where Jesus had appointed them to go. (Matthew 28:16); and when they saw Him, they worshiped Him; but some doubted. (Matthew 28:17); and Jesus came and spoke unto them, saying, All authority is given unto me in Heaven and in earth. (Matthew 28:18); In verse 19; Jesus said, go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, which is Jesus, and of the Holy Spirit. (Matthew 28:19);
Also in verse 20, Jesus said, teaching them to observe all things, whatsoever I have commanded you; and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world, (age). Amen. (Matthew 28:20);
J) Now you have just finish reading the two scriptures in the book of (Matthew 28:19-20). Most people that are Christians go to church on Sunday morning and then go out to eat lunch or a late dinner. But I would like to ask everyone a few questions about whose job it is to tell the “Good News” which is the “Gospel?” Most Christians believe that this is the job of the pastor because that why we pay him for. But then there are the other type of Christians that believe that this job belongs to the Deacon in the church. Well, guess what, I believe that telling the Gospel is my job and every born again believers that has accepted Jesus Christ as their Savior. Yes that means all of us are commanded to go, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, which is Jesus, and of the Holy Spirit. (Matthew 28:19); Remember time is running out for all those that are not saved.
K) Also I believe that we are living in those last days right now and we as Christians have very little time left to tell our love ones and those who may not be saved about our Lord Jesus Salvation Plan. And that plan is called the “Gospel” or the “Good News,” this is the job of every born again believer that calls Jesus Christ their Lord and Savior.
L) Now this concludes our Bible Study about chapter 11 of the Book of Daniel. Please be much in prayer for me as I try to teach other books of this great book of Bible. Now remember that everything on this web-site is free. Please pass them on to other people if they have helped you.
M) Remember, if you would like to have Salvation in our Lord Jesus Christ, you sincerely pray a prayer like this one; “Please God, I confess to you my sins and I need for you to save me right now. Turn away from my sins and I place my faith in Jesus Christ as my Savior and Lord of my life forever. Amen.”
N) Note: Now this concludes our Bible Study on chapter eleven of the Book of Daniel. Please be much in prayer for me as I try to teach the last chapter of this great book of Daniel. Now remember that everything on this web-site is free. Please pass them on to other people if they have helped you.

You’re, Brother in Christ
Frank Rose